Jelena Pavličević*, Mirjana Jovičić, Oskar Bera, Bojana Ikonić, Vesna Teofilović, Nevena Vukić, Jaroslava Budinski-Simendić
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technology Novi Sad, Blvd cara Lazara 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia, firstname.lastname@example.org
APA citing: Pavličević, J. i sar. (2019). Uticaj udela sredstava za ekspandiranje na svojstva mikroporoznih elastomernih materijala. STED Journal. 1(1). str. 1-8.
Copyright © 2019 Jelena Pavličević et al; published by UNIVERSITY PIM. This work licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License.
ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPER
Paper received: 22.04.2019.
Paper accepted: 03.05.2019.
Corresponding autor: Jelena Pavličević, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technology Novi Sad, Blvd cara Lazara 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
For the preparation of elastomer materials, besides the rubber and crosslinking system, a lot of additives are used, in order to improve the physical-mechanical properties, reduce the costs and achieve particular properties of the final material. The amounts of crosslinking compound components, determine the exploitation properties of elastomer materials. Microporous elastomer materials are crosslinked macromolecules with a cellular structure formed using blowing agents which form cells by releasing gases at higher temperatures. The most important properties of microporous elastomers are low density, excellent damping properties, owing to the cellular structure, as well as high strength versus mass. In this work, the influence of the blowing agent content on the physical-mechanical properties of microporous elastomers based on terpolymer poly(ethylene-co-propylene-co-2-ethylidene-5-norbornene) rubber (EPDM) crosslinked with sulfur and reinforced with carbon black particles, was investigated. The content of a chemical blowing agent (oxybis(benzenesulphonyl hydrazide)) was varied (1.3; 1.8 and 2.0 phr). Based on rheological measurements, the rubber compound curing behaviour was determined. The density of the final materials shows significant differences depending on the blowing agent content in the prepared samples. It was assessed that prepared cellular elastomer materials are suitable for use in the fabrication of sealing profiles the automotive industry. The obtained elastomers with lower density can be used for the profile seals, as for, static parts that are not exposed to tangential impacts, while for the microporous seals of movable parts, higher density elastomers can be used.
Key words: microporous elastomers, rubber, blowing agent, mechanical properties.