Elvir Ibeljić, Miroslav Đurić

University of Business Engineering and Management, Faculty of Philosophy, despota Stefana Lazarevića bb, 78 000 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, elvir_ib@yahoo.com, miroslavzdjuric@gmail.com


ISSN 2637-2150
e-ISSN 2637-2614
UDC 159.22:159.942]:616.89-008.454
DOI 10.7251/STED2101012I

Paper received: 01.03.2021.
Paper accepted: 04.05.2021.
Published: 28.05.2021.

Corresponding Author: 

Elvir Ibeljić, University of Business Engineering and Management, Faculty of Philosophy, despota Stefana Lazarevića bb, 78000 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, elvir_ib@yahoo.com


This research aims to determine the impact of affective attachment in childhood as a predictor of stress, anxiety, depression, and adversive experiences in young people. The research sample consisted of 202 subjects, gender-balanced (Nm = 102; Nf= 100), who come from the area of the city of Bihać and its suburbs. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Questionnaire (DASS scale), the Adverse Childhood Experience Questionnaire (ACE) and the Family Affective Attachment Questionnaire (PAVb) have been used for the research. The incompleteness of a family impairs the family structure and disturbs its nature which can leads to the pathology of affective attachment. This research proved it to be a significant predictor of internalizing (symptoms of anxiety and depression) changes in behavior with young people (p<.01). The inconsistency of family relationships also leads to potentially traumatic and adversive experiences that one could have experienced in the period from their birth to the age of 18 whose symptomatology was seen at a statistically significant level (p <.01) in our research. Studies indicate consistent differences in gender in which women have more intense internalizing symptoms than men. This has not been shown in this research through statistical significance. However, due to differences between men and women in terms of adolescence in the context of coping with stressful situations the results of this study prove there are certain differences in which men show statistically significant (p <.01) manifestations of depression and on average they also express more symptoms of anxiety and adversive experiences. On the other hand, women show only statistically significant (p <.01) manifestation of stress symptoms.

Keywords: affective attachment, anxiety, depression, stress, adversive experiences.