PHI Special hospital for psychiatry, Podromanija bb, 71350 Sokolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina, firstname.lastname@example.org
Paper received: 10.04.2020.
Paper accepted: 08.05.2020.
Snežana Samardžić, PHI Special hospital for psychiatry, Podromanija bb, 71350 Sokolac, Bosna i Hercegovina, email@example.com
In this work we rely on Bowlby’s theory of attachment. We are led by assumption that the quality of attachment in the childhood predicts later psychological action of a person, and the suicide, as the auto-destructive act, can be the consequence of unsure attachment. The aim of this work is to find out if patients, who have shown a suicidal behavior, are classified in some of unsure patterns of attachment, and comparing them with healthy subjects without suicidal tendencies. The research has been carried out in Special Hospital for Psychiatry in Sokolac, on a sample of 80 male subjects, categorized in two groups: a group of suicidal patients (N1=40) and a group of healthy, non-suicidal subjects (N=40). Short, structural questionnaire has been made for the research purposes; and it helped to collect some data about subjective experience of mother and father. Survey of family affective attachment has been carried out by modified Berann’s questionnaire for assessing of family affective attachment (1995, taken from Stojanović-Stanojević, 2005). χ² test was used for testing differences between groups. The results show that there is a statistically significant difference between questioned groups. The subjects from suicidal group were quite often classified in unsure-occupied and unsure-frightened pattern of attachment (χ²(3)=23,928; p=0,000), and they would more often grow up with overprotective, aggressive mother or mother with mental problems ( 2(3)=28,976; p=0,000). As the differences in relation to experience of father do not have statistical importance (x 2 (2)=3,436; p=0,179).
Keywords: family affective attachment, suicidal behavior, unsure affective attachment